What Are Human Rights?
Human rights are set standards that allow people in the world to experience freedom since they are born until they die. These rights are applicable to everyone despite sex, race, religion, culture or how one chooses to live their lives. Most people regard human rights as moral principles that are for all human beings. Human rights are vital for the growth of communities and individuals in different parts of the world. All countries in the world have to incorporate human rights into their laws to protect their citizens.
The Importance of Human Rights
Human rights are the minimum moral standards that are to be upheld for a human being to live with a sense of dignity. These rights allow people to express themselves, choose their political leaders, together with other things they may want. Human rights are a form of assurance that every person is able to acquire basic need on a day to day basis. The basic needs are food, shelter, clothing, and education.
Human rights also guarantee equality, security, and protection. Citizens are protected from people in positions of power who may want to abuse them through these rights. However, it is essential to note that human rights can be restricted at times. A good example is when an individual breaks the laws in a given country. This would result in imprisonment once found guilty.
The Origin of Human Rights
The current human rights can be dated back several years ago when there was government oppression, slavery, and genocide. The World War 2 was a clear indication that human rights had to be enforced worldwide. As a result, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was formed by the United Nations in 1948. This document listed down all the rights that human beings should possess. These included basic, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
Who is responsible for Human Rights?
The governments of different nations have the responsibility of protecting human rights under the human rights treaty. Additionally, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights permits every person to teach and promote these rights to ensure that they are fully observed and respected. Civil societies, businesses, and all individuals are to work with their respective governments to show responsibility towards upholding the human rights. Once a government has given formal consent to a human right treaty, it has to fulfill all the rights written down. Governments are to ensure that human rights are preserved by offering solutions to those whose rights are violated by others.
The International Bill of Human Rights consists of the following rights:
The right of peaceful assembly and association
The right to participate in government
The right to social security
The right to work
The right to education
The right to health
The right to food and housing
Freedom from discrimination
The right to life, liberty, and personal security
Freedom from torture and degrading treatment
The right to equality before the law
The right to a fair trial
The right to privacy
Freedom of belief and religion
Freedom of opinion